A discussion paper by the Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change in Ontario has proposed a renewable fuel standard (RFS) for gasoline in an effort to cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the province.
The paper entitled “Developing a Modern Renewable Fuel Standard For Gasoline in Ontario” states:
“To combat climate change, Ontario has committed to reduce greenhouse gases by 15% by 2020, 37% by 2030 and 80% by 2050, relative to the 1990 level. These goals are legislated in the new Climate Change Mitigation and Low-Carbon Economy Act.
“To help achieve our targets and transition to a low carbon economy, Ontario’s Climate Change Action Plan commits to implementing a Renewable Fuel Standard for gasoline, which would reduce greenhouse gas emissions from gasoline by 5% by 2020.”
It also notes that the transportation sector accounted for around 33% of Ontario’s GHG emissions in 2014, specifically about 56 million metric tons. While the province’s overall emissions dropped by 6% between 1990 and 2014, the paper points out that those coming from the sector increased by 27% during that period.
Aside from renewable gasoline, other fuels that are stated to help meet the RFS requirements are wheat and sugarcane ethanol, renewable natural gas, hydrogen, and cellulosic ethanol.